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This is a selected bibliography. A full bibliography is available through the Ray Johnson Estate.

Periodicals, Interviews, and Radio Broadcasts



Alloway, Lawrence. “Ray Johnson's History of the Betty Parsons Gallery.” Nation 216 (February 5, 1973): 189-190.

Andre, Michael. “Review and Previews: A Buddha University Meeting,” Art News 73 (March 1974): 108.

“Art: First-Class Postage Required.” The Print Collector’s Newsletter 22 (November-December 1991): 171.

Ashton, Dore. “New York Commentary.” Studio International 172 (July 1966): 46-47.

Bass, Ruth. “Ray Johnson (Richard L. Feigen).” Art News 94 (September 1995): 143.

Bernstein, Richard. “Ray Johnson’s World.” Andy Warhol’s Interview (August 1972).

Bloch, Mark. “Rebel with a Clue.” Paper (April 1995): 32.

Bloch, Mark, Chuck Close, Jill Johnston, and Richard L. Feigen. "A Tribute to Ray Johnson." WBAI-FM, 1995.

Bockris-Wylie. “Interview with Ray Johnson.” The Drummer (May 15, 1973).

Bourdon, David. "An Interview with nosnhoJ yaR." Artforum 3 (September 1964): 28-9.

Bourdon, David, Robert Pincus-Witten, Nam June Paik, Chuck Close, Jill Johnston, and James Rosenquist. “Returned to Sender: Remembering Ray Johnson.” Artforum 33 (April 1995): 70-75, 106, 111-113.

Bourdon, David. “Cosmic Ray.” Art in America 83 (October 1995): 106-111.

Brunelle, Al. “Ray Johnson: Exhibition at Feigen Gallery.” Art News 67 (April 14, 1968).

Campbell, Lawrence. "The Ray Johnson History of the Betty Parsons Gallery." Art News 72 (January 1973): 56-57.

Cotter, Holland. “Notes to the World (or Bend, Fold, and Spindle).” Art in America 83 (October 1995): 100-105.

Ebony, David. "Ray Johnson, from The Paper Snake to Shelley Duvall," New Observations, "Bookworks,” 106 (May-June 1995).

Feschi, Sevim. Oral history interview with Ray Johnson. April 17, 1968. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

ffrench-Frazier, Nina. “Ray Johnson.” Arts Magazine 52 (June 1978): 8.

“Four Artists in a ‘Mansion',” Harper’s Bazaar (May 1952).

Gablik, Suzi. “700 Collages by Ray Johnson.” Location 1 (Summer 1964) edited by Thomas B. Hess and Harold Rosenberg, 55-58.

Glueck, Grace. "A Witty Master of the Deadpan Spoof." New York Times, February 19, 1983.

Henry, Gerrit. "Ray Johnson: Collage Jester," Art in America 72 (December 1984): 139-141.

_______. "New York Letter." Art International XV/6 (Lugano, Summer 1971): 80-81.

Hurt, Harry III. “A Performance Death.” New York Journal. March 6, 1995.

Johnson, Ray. "Buddha University. Rubber." Flash Art 41 (Milan, Italy, June 1973): 12-13.

_______. “The Letters of Ray Johnson: Death of the NYCS.” File 2 (Toronto, September 1973): 42-43, 63.

_______. "Follow Instructions Below." Arts Magazine 46 (November 1971): 42-44.

_______. "I work very slowly." Arte Milano (Milan, May, 1972).

_______. "Mail Art Then: Ray Johnson Speaks." Franklin Furnace Flue 4 (Winter 1984): 14-17.

Kiss-Pal, Klara, and Luther Blissett. “Legenda a globalis tudatlansagrol.” (A legend of global ignorance). Artpool (1997).

Kozloff, Max. “Junk Art: An Affluent Art Movement.” Art Journal 33 (Fall 1973): 27-30.

Lawson, Thomas. “Ray Johnson at Brooks Jackson/ lolas.” Arts in America 66 (June-July 1978): 126-127.

Leider, Philip, and David Bourdon. “The New York Correspondence School.” Artforum 6 (October 1967): 50-55.

Linville, Kasha. “New York: Ray Johnson, Whitney Museum.” Arts Magazine 44 (February 1970): 28-30.

Marandel, J. Patrice. “Exhibition at Richard Feigen Gallery.” Art International 14 (May 1970): 75.

Martin, Henry. "Mashed Potatoes: Henry Martin Looks at the Collages of Ray Johnson." Art and Artists 7, no. 2, issue 74 (May 1972): 22-25.

_______. “Milan Letter.” Art International 16 (Summer 1972): 105-6.

_______. "Should an Eyelash Last Forever? An Interview with Ray Johnson." Lotta Poetica 2 (February 1984): 3-24.

Mussman, Toby. “Intervista a Ray Johnson.” Marcatre: Rivista di Cultura Contemporaneo 34-36 (December 1967): 204-7.

Picard, Lil. “Death Rattle.” East Village Other (May 1967).

Pincus-Witten, Robert. "Ray Johnson." (Richard Feigen Gallery). Artforum VI (Summer 1968): 51-52.

Plunkett, Edward M., Lawrence Alloway, John Russell, Suzi Gablik, William S. Wilson, Henry Martin, Robert Pincus-Witten, Karen Shaw, Robert Rosenblum, Lucy R. Lippard, Tommy Mew, Toby R. Spiselman. "Send Letters, Postcards, Drawings, and Objects . . . " Art Journal XXXVI (Spring 1977): 233-241.

“Ray Johnson Memorial Issue.” Arte Postale! 69. (Viareggio, Italy: Near the Edge Editions, 1995).

“Ray Johnson Memorial Issue.” National Stampagraphic 13 (1995).

“Ray Johnson Memorial Issue.” P.O. box Extra (Merz Mail, Barcelona) (January 13).

“Ray Johnson.” San Francisco Chronicle. (January 19, 1996).

Smith, Roberta. “Famous for Being Unknown, Ray Johnson has a Fitting Survey.” New York Times. (May 19, 1995).

Spodarek, Diane and Randy Delbeke. "Ray Johnson Interview." Detroit Artists Monthly 3 (February 1978): 3-9.

Stevens, Mark. “Oh! H! Pop Luck.” New York Times, May 22, 1995.

“Ray Johnson Memorial Issue.” The Exhibitor 3 (1995).

Trebay, Guy. “Backstroking into Oblivion: The Riddle of Ray Johnson’s Suicide.” The Village Voice, January 31, 1995.

Vogel, Carol. “Ray Johnson, 67 Pop Artist Known for His Work in Collage.” New York Times. January 19, 1995.

Wilcock, John. “The Village Square.” The Village Voice, October 26, 1955.

Wilson, William S. "Ray Johnson: Letters of Reference." Arts Magazine 44 (February 1970): 28-30.

_______. "Ray Johnson: NY Correspondence School." Art and Artists 1 (April 1966): 54-57.

Winslow, Olivia. “Pop Artist Ray Johnson, 67, Mysterious in Life and Death.” Newsday, January 17, 1995.

Books and Monographic Exhibition Catalogues

[Essential Reading]

Blom, Ina. The Name of the Game: Ray Johnson's Postal Performance. Oslo, Norway: National Museum of Contemporary Art, 2003.

Bourdon, David. Works by Ray Johnson. Roslyn Harbor, NY: Nassau Museum of Fine Art, 1984.

Brougher, Kerry. Art and Film Since 1945: Hall of Mirrors. Los Angeles: The Museum of Contemporary Art, 1996.

Calas, Nicolas, and Elena. Icons and Images of the Sixties. New York: E.P. Dutton, 1971.

Coplans, John. Pop Art U.S.A. Oakland: Oakland Art Museum and California College of Arts and Crafts, 1963.

Crane, Michael and Mary Stofflet, eds. Correspondence Art: Source Book for the Network of International Postal Art Activity. San Francisco: Contemporary Arts Press, 1984.

Craven, Richard. Correspondence: An Exhibition of the Letters of Ray Johnson. Raleigh, NC: North Carolina Museum of Art, 1976.

De Salvo, Donna. Face Value: American Portraits. Southampton, NY: The Parrish Art Museum, and Pris: Flammarion, 1995.

DeSalvo, Donna and Catherine Gudis, eds. Ray Johnson: Correspondences. OH: Wexner Center; New York: Whitney Museum of American Art, 1999.

Hansen, Al. A Primer of Happenings and Time/ Space Art. New York: Something Else Press.

Held, John Jr. A World Bibliography of Mail Art. Dallas: Dallas Public Library, 1989.

_______. Mail Art: An Annotated Bibliography. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1991.

_______. ed. International Artist Cooperation: Mail Art Shows, 1970-1985. Dallas: Dallas Public Library, 1986.

Johnson, Ray. A Book About Cranky Ant and other books. New York: Museum of Modern Art, Special Collection, 1992.

_______. A Book About Death. A collection of offset pages, c. 1977.

_______. The Paper Snake. Something Else Press, 1965. 2014 reprint by Siglio Press.

Joseph-Lowery, Frédérique. Ray Johnson…Dali/Warhol, and others, “Main Ray, Ducham, Openhein, Pikabia….” New York: Richard L. Feigen & Co., 2009.

Jurgen Becker. Happenings, Fluxus, Pop, Nouveau Realisme. Hamburg: Rowohlt, 1965.

Kimmelman, Michael. “The Art of Making Art Without Lifting a Finger.” In The Accidental Masterpiece: On the Art of Life and Vice Versa. New York: Penguin Press, 2005.

Lippard, Lucy R. Pop Art. Contributions by Lawrence Alloway, Nancy Marmer and Nicolas Calas. New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1966, 75.

Lippard, Lucy R., ed. Six Years: The Dematerialization of the Art Object from 1966-1972. New York: Frederick A Praeger, 1973, 5-9.

Livingstone, Marco. Pop Art: A Continuing History. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1989, 28-29, 250, illustrations 14, 28.

Longhauser, Elsa and Clive Phillpot. More Works by Ray Johnson 1951-1991. Philadelphia: Goldie Paley Gallery, 1991.

Martinez, Chus. Ray Johnson: Please Add to & Return. Barcelona: MACBA, 2009.

Matthews, Sebastian, ed. From BMC to NYC: The Tutelary Years of Ray Johnson (1943-1967). Ashville, NC: Black Mountain College, 2010.

Phillips, Lisa. Beat Culture and the New America, 1950-1965. New York: The Whitney Msueum of American Art and Paris: Flammarion, 1995.

Phillpot, Clive. Ray Johnson: Jean Dubuffet Fan Club. Roslyn, NY: Nassau County Museum of Fine Art, 1988.

Russell, John, and Suzi Gablik. Pop Art Redefined. London: Thames and Hudson, 1969.

Sainsbury, Alex. Ray Johnson. Please add to & Return. London: Raven Row, 2009.

Saltzman, Thomas A., Phyllis Stigliano and Janice Parente, and David Bourdon.
Works by Ray Johnson. Roslyn Harbor, NY: Nassau County Museum of Fine Art, 1984.

Shava, Sharla, and Michael Morris. Ray Johnson: How Sad am I today. Vancouver: Morris and Helen Belkin Art Gallery, 1999.

Stich, Sidra. Made in U.S.A.: An Americanization in Modern Art, the 50s & 60s. Berkeley: University Art Museum and University of California Press, 1987.

Stigliano, Phyllis, Muffet Jones, and William S. Wilson. Dear Jackson Pollock: Collages and Objects by Ray Johnson. East Hampton, NY: Pollock-Krasner Foundation, 2003.

Taylor, Michael. “Legacy.” In Marcel Duchamp: Étant donnés. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009, 215-222.

Tucker, Marcia. New York Correspondance School of Art Exhibition. New York: Whitney Museum of American Art, 1970.

Welch, Chuck, ed. Eternal Network. A Mail Art Anthology. Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 1995.

Wilson, William S. Ray Johnson Ray Johnson. New York: Between Books, 1977.

_______. Black Mountain College Dossiers 4. Black Mountain, NC: Black Mountain College Museum and Art Center, 1997.

_______. Ray Johnson. Black Mountain, NC: Black Mountain College Museum and Arts Center, 1997.

_______. Ray Johnson: Challenging Rectangles. New York, NY: Richard L. Feigen, 2008.

_______. Ray Johnson: En Rapport. New York, NY: Feigen Contemporary, 2006.

_______. Ray Johnson: The Early Years. New York, NY: Richard L. Feigen, 2007.

Willenbecher, John. Ray Johnson Ray Johnson Ray Johnson. New York: Between Books Press, 1977.

Wolfram, Eddie. A History of Collage: An Anthology of Collage, Assemblage, and Event Structures. New York: MacMillan, 1975.

Zuba, Elizabeth, ed. Not Nothing: Selected Writings by Ray Johnson, 1954-1994. With an essay by Kevin Killian. New York: Siglio Press, 2014.

Gallery Publications

Please see Feigen & Co. Catalogues.

Exhibition Catalogues

[For more information, visit our "Exhibitions" page or our "Exhibition Catalogues" page.]

Asheville, North Carolina: Black Mountain College Museum + Arts Center, 2010.

Asheville, North Carolina. Black Mountain College Museum and Arts Center. Black Mountain College Dossiers No. 4: Ray Johnson. 1997.

Asheville, North Carolina. From BMC to NYC: The Tutelary Years of Ray Johnson 1943-1967. 2010.

Barcelona, Spain. Contemporani de Barcelona, 2009. Texts by Ina Blom, Chus Martinez, Alex Sainsbury.

Barcelona, Spain. Mail Art Exhibition (July 12 – 31, 1993).

Barcelona, Spain. Ray Johnson: Please Add To & Return. Barcelona, Spain: Museu d’Art.

Chicago. Museum of Contemporary Art. Pictures to be Read/Poetry to be Seen (24 October-3 December 1967).

Chicago. Richard L. Feigen Gallery. Ray Johnson: Dollar Bill Show (1970).

Columbus, Ohio. Ray Johnson: Correspondences. Wexner Center for the Arts, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, and Flammarion, Paris-New York (1999).

Houston. Contemporary Arts Association of Houston. Out of the Ordinary (26 November-27 December, 1959).

Kunstverein, Amsterdam. “Ray Johnson, A Book About Death” at the Kunstverein, Amsterdam, (December 2009 – January 2010). Text by William S. Wilson, ed. Krist Gruijthuijsen and Maxine Kopsa.

London. Angela Flowers Gallery. Ray Johnson. (1973).

London. Ray Johnson: Please Add To & Return. (London: Raven Row, 2009). Texts by Alex Sainsbury, Michael Bracewell, Clive Phillpot.

London. Royal Academy of Arts. Pop Art (September 13 - December 15, 1991).

Los Angeles. The Museum of Contemporary Art. Art and Film Since 1945: Hall of Mirrors (March 17-July 28; The Wexner Center for the Arts, Columbus, Ohio, Sept. 21-January 5, 1997; Palazzo delle Esposizioni, Rome, June 1997-Sept. 1997; The Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, Oct. 11-Jan. 21, 1998).

Madrid. Centro de Arte Reina Sofia. Arte Pop (June 16 - September 14, 1992). Exhibition from Royal Academy 1991.

Montreal. The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts. Pop Art (October 23, 1992 - January 24, 1993).

Milan, Italy. Galleria Schwarz. Famous People's Mother's Potato Mashers (5 May-29 April, 1972).

New South Wales. Art Gallery of New South Wales. Pop Art 1955 - 70 (February 27 - April 14, 1985).

New York. Loretta Howard Gallery. Black Mountain and its Legacy (September 15 – October 29, 2011).

New York. Ray Johnson/Dalì/Warhol/and others... ‘Main Ray, Ducham, Openheim, Pikabia...’ (April – October 2009). Richard L. Feigen & Co. Curated by Frederique Joseph-Lowery.

New York. Richard L. Feigen & Co. Ray Johnson: A Memorial Exhibition. (27 April - 16 June, extended through 15 August, 1995).

New York. Ray Johnson/Dalì/Warhol/and others... ‘Main Ray, Ducham, Openheim, Pikabia...’ (April – October 2009). Richard L. Feigen & Co. Curated by Frederique Joseph-Lowery.

New York. Whitney Museum of American Art. Beat Culture and the New America,1950-1965 (November 9, 1995-February 4, 1996). Paris - New York: Flammarion. p. 59, 256, 274.

New York. Whitney Museum of American Art. Ray Johnson: New York Correspondence School Exhibition (September 2 - October 6, 1970).

Oakland. Oakland Art Museum and the California College of Arts and Crafts. Pop Art USA (7-29 September 1963).

Oslo, Norway. The Name of the Game: Ray Johnson's Postal Performance. The National Museum of Contemporary Art (2003).

Philadelphia. Goldie Paley Gallery, Moore College of Art and Design. More Works by Ray Johnson (1991).

Philadelphia. The Institute of Contemporary Art, University of Pennsylvania. The Other Tradition (27 January-7 March, 1966).

Portugal. Centro Cultural de Belém. The Pop '60s: Transatlantic Crossing (September 11 - November 17, 1997).

Raleigh, North Carolina. North Carolina Museum of Art. Correspondence. An Exhibition of the Letters of Ray Johnson (31 October-5 December, 1976).

Roslyn Harbor, NY. Nassau County Museum of Fine Art. Works by Ray Johnson (7 February - 8 April, 1984)

Vancouver, British Columbia. Ray Johnson: How Sad I Am Today... Morris and Helen Belkin Art Gallery, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. Text by Michael Morris and Sava, Sharla (1999).

Vancouver. The Fine Arts Gallery, University of British Columbia. Concrete Poetry: An Exhibition in Four Parts (1969).